The Sprout Blog

Depave’s 10th Season – Where We’re Greening this Year

June 15, 2017  |  Blog
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Author: Veteran Depaver, Ray Lipin

Hi Depave enthusiasts! We are gearing up for our 10th season of ripping up pavement and building community. We have 6 straight depaves this season and are looking forward to busting the prybars out with old and new partners & volunteers. For those of you with a green thumb, we will host planting parties in the coming fall at several of our recently depaved sites. Depave is also partnering with Recode and Greywater Action to host several Greywater Workshops throughout the summer. Space is limited…Sign up right here! If you want greywater information NOW, check out the September 2016 blog post “Green Your Garden with Greywater” by Depave’s legendary Ted Labbe.

The 1st Depave of the season was Russellville Grange Hall on June 11th at 12105 NE Prescott. We removed about 1,000 SF of pavement and will be installing a stormwater facility with native plantings (this fall)! I didn’t know the history of granges before researching for this blog. I won’t harangue you with the full history lesson, but granges were created following the civil war era to enhance farming practices and benefit local communities. Here was one mission statement, “It’s a fraternal organization that encourages families to band together, to promote the economic and political well-being of the community and agriculture.”

The Russellville Grange began in 1906 with this mission statement in mind. The grange has adapted to these modern times and now rents space out for community events. A host of weddings and family events have taken place at Russellville Grange Hall over the years. However, despite being close to Parkrose High School, many people drive by the grange without giving it a second glance. Hopefully the addition of a beautiful new stormwater facility (in addition to other improvements the owners are doing, like a mural) will help attract attention!

The Russellville Grange

The 2nd Depave of the summer will be Faithful Savior Lutheran Church on June 24th at 11100 NE Skidmore. The church has a big congregation and an even bigger parking lot! The southern lot has long been a cause of concern for the church due to consistent flooding during major storm events. Depave will be tearing up 2,600 SF of pavement and 1,800 SF of sod to install a massive raingarden in the parking lot to curtail the flooding, capture a ton of runoff, and cut down on stormwater fees. Our long-time partner, East Multnomah Soil and Water Conservation District is sponsoring this project as well as Russellville and Woodmere Elementary. Hope to see you there!

Faithful Savior Lutheran Church

The 3rd Depave of the summer will be Woodmere Elementary on July 8th at 7900 SE Duke. Woodmere is definitely not lacking in the pavement department! We will be rectifying that by removing about 1,200 SF of asphalt. The renovated space will be converted to a learning garden for the children. Since I knew nothing about Woodmere Elementary, I read a few online reviews. Parents raved about what a hidden gem this school is! Woodmere Elementary bridges the gap between language/cultural diversity and education. New parents/students are treated like family, and student test scores reflect this positive attitude. I’m happy we are partnering with Woodmere Elementary because they are such a lynchpin for the local community!

Woodmere School

Our 4th Depave of the season will be a phase 2 project at Lent School on July 22nd at 5105 SE 97th. We depaved at Lent School to create an amphitheater in 2015, and now we’re back for more! We will be removing 2,250 SF of pavement to be converted into a nature playscape. Lent School is an awesome partner for Depave. Behind the school, it’s all asphalt as far as the eye can see. Additionally, Lent School is privileged to have some truly dedicated parents and nearby residents making many positive changes to the grounds here – the garden on the north side is top notch! Now they are taking on even more, and I’m sure it will be an awesome addition! Hopefully we can finagle the free ice cream truck to come out like they did last time!!

Lent School (2015)

The 5th Depave event will be at Ascension Catholic Church on September 9th at 743 SE 76th. We will be tearing up a whopping 3,200 SF of asphalt and later installing two long rain garden islands in the parking lot. Despite converting so much pavement into rain gardens, the church will not lose any parking spaces, as the lot is massive. The congregation won’t have any trouble parking, and they will have two lovely rain gardens to admire. This project highlights the fact that with a little effort and ingenuity, regreening projects are often possible in urban environments without sacrificing functionality. Thanks to our longtime partners at the Bureau of Environmental Services for awarding this project a Community Watershed Stewardship Grant to support this effort. Hope to see you there!

Ascension Catholic Church

The 6th and final Depave of the season will be at Hillsboro’s Multicultural Market (AKA M&M Swap Meet) on October 7th at 346 SW Walnut Street. Metro awarded this effort a Nature in Neighborhoods grant to fund this project, and Clean Water Services is providing tons of additional support to help us make lots of great improvements here. This will be a combo depave and landscaping party, with tree planting as well. There will also be additional work happening, including improving the outdoor cafe, creating outdoor vendor areas, and a mural. Lots to get done!

This will be a great project for us because we love breaking out of our typical Portland stomping grounds. In fact, this is our first ever project in Hillsboro! We’re excited to support this well-loved community hub (similar to the Portland Mercado) that provides space and valuable resources for primarily Latino immigrants to incubate a wide variety of businesses! Regreening the property is typically the last consideration where money is concerned. Luckily, Depave is here to help with the support of our sponsors. We hope to see you there!

Hillsboro’s Multicultural Market

Join us to depave this summer – check out our upcoming events here.

 

Depave NEO Breaks Ground on Pilot Project in Cleveland

May 15, 2017  |  Blog
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Since January, we’ve been collaborating with an awesome group of new pry bar champions coordinated by Cuyahoga River Restoration to get the Depave Northeast Ohio program in the ground. DepaveNEO is now the third cohort of our Depave Network training program. Congratulations are in order!

Executive Director, Eric Rosewall, followed up an online wheelbarrow + shovel show with a visit to Cleveland to meet the graduating class and help out on Depave NEO’s pilot project. The NEO Crew—future greenspace project coordinators from a diverse group of partner orgs and agencies around Ohio—got to get their hands dirty and their feet (well everything really) wet. But the rain certainly couldn’t keep this bunch down. Despite the soggy conditions and the unusually super thick pavement, we had a total blast together!

The small but impactful project, at Ross DeJohn Community Center and Recreational Park in Mayfield Heights, made for a perfect first pry for DepaveNEO. Over the course a weekend in May, pavement was smashed and a new greener space emerged from the rubble. The city and park staff came out in force to support the effort with tools, materials, skilled staff, machinery, and they even through in the mayor for an hour! The resulting linear three green strips in the parking lot were planted with a variety of native plants and trees.

Many thanks to Jane and Nichole at CRR for their dedication and leadership to the DepaveNEO program and the environment of their region. And, thank you to all the inspiring new members of the the Depave family for their hospitality and hard work – you are all impressive rock stars. Good luck on your greenspaces!

Next up, Depave Tennessee completes training with us here in Portland at the end of June!

Depave has nearly ten years of experience in developing volunteer-driven neighborhood projects. Our unique model for community engagement in regreening is recognized as the leading effort of its kind. Interested in accessing our library or program resources and developing a depaving program with your organization? Learn about joining the growing Depave Network.

 

We Stand Together

We Stand Together

February 20, 2017  |  Blog
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Throughout the past 10 years, partners across the region have welcomed Depave into their vibrant communities with open arms. We at Depave are incredibly thankful for these opportunities to bring people together and transform lifeless places into community greenspaces through collaboration, hard work, and unity.

Our work would not be possible without our community partners, who represent many kinds of diversity — socioeconomic status, age, gender, sexual orientation, gender expression, religion, race, ethnicity — and are woven together by the desire to make our world more green, livable, and resilient to the impacts of climate change and blight. Therefore, we stand against executive orders that close our borders to refugees and immigrants from ANY country, and irrational governance that harms the integrity of the scientific community and the dignity of the world’s citizens.

To our partners – past, present and future – who are impacted by recent events, know that we stand (and march) with you for the ideals our country was founded on. May our neighborhoods, and our country once again, be a beacon of hope for those who need us the most.

The Depave Crew: Making Magic Happen

What a team!

The Depave Crew: Making Magic Happen

February 14, 2017  |  Blog
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Author: Daniel “Stretch Armstrong” Schick, 2016 Crew Leader of the Year.

I won’t go as far to say that becoming a crew leader was the single most defining event of my life, but it is definitely in the top 5. All jokes aside, joining Depave is a worthwhile adventure that will bring a lifetime of fond memories. We are a close-knit group that strives to make Portland a better place. We team up with other likeminded organizations to convert paved spaces in schools, churches, and community centers into beautiful greenspaces. However, this would not be possible without a dedicated group of crew leaders that ensure that everyone is having a safe and fun time.

Snazzy neon comes with great responsibility.

Melissa, Queen of the Drop Box, making sure everyone gets a chance to roll up.

Being a crew leader means you get to wear a snazzy yellow vest. However, with snazzy vest comes great responsibility. As a crew leader, your number one responsibility is to keep everyone safe. We do this by educating and supervising volunteers on the proper ways to Depave. Pry bars, shovels, and wheelbarrows are loads of fun, but they can be dangerous when handled improperly. Your other responsibility is to engage with community members that volunteer at our events. Through us, they learn how greenspaces can benefit their community, and maybe it will embolden them to create a plan that will improve the aesthetics of one of their shared spaces.

Jeremy, guardian of fingers and toes, knows slow and steady wins the race.

I got involved with Depave through a friend that thought this organization would be a good fit for me. They were right. And as an environmental major Depave has helped me to gain a better understanding that urban restoration and community outreach go hand in hand. However, that is just my experience.

Our desire to make this city of ours a better place brings us together.

Our crew leaders come from all backgrounds and occupations. The one thing that brings us together is our desire to make this city of ours a better place. You too, can helps by becoming a crew leader yourself. All it requires is a Saturday afternoon, and a willingness to get your hands dirty.

Learn more about being a Depave Crew Leader and sign up to attend orientation in May.

Cooper works with the mini depave crew to achieve big results.

Green Your Garden with Greywater

September 26, 2016  |  Blog
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Author: Ted Labbe. Long long time depaver, current board member and backer of all things greywater.

Portlanders love their gardens. But have you ever stopped to consider how much water your garden consumes? Our abundant fall-winter-spring rainfall comes out of sync with the summer garden irrigation season. Peak water use by City of Portland residential customers is in July through September when water use increases by 30-50% to feed those thirsty veggies, fruit trees/shrubs, and lawns. Even a small bed of veggies and a few fruit trees can consume 5,000 gallons of water over one irrigation season. That is a lot of pristine Bull Run drinking water!

Peak water use by City of Portland residential customers is in July through September when water use increases by 30-50%

wateruse

Portland’s Water Use vs Rainfall

That’s one reason why Depave promotes naturescaping, integrated with thoughtful rainwater harvesting techniques (like rain gardens), at our project sites. Native plants are adapted to our climate and can thrive without supplemental irrigation. Using mulch and soil amendments we can boost water storage in our soils, which is the cheapest and most effective place to store all that rain – for the benefit of our plants and everything else downstream.

But many of us love our home-grown veggies and fruit and we know they need summer irrigation to thrive. Portlanders with green thumbs often jump to rainwater catchment and storage in tanks as the fix for their garden irrigation needs. But it can be tough to find space to store all the water you need for a whole season of garden irrigation. Large tanks also can be cost-prohibitive and unsightly.

valve

Shut off valve

What if you could get a second use from the water draining your shower, sink, and clothes washer and use it in your yard? You can. It is called GREYWATER. And since 2011 it has been legal in Oregon to use your own greywater, if you follow some simple procedures.

Used wisely, greywater is safe for you and your plants. During the summer you redirect greywater to your yard. In the wet season you shut off your system and send all wastewater to the sewer.

But won’t the soapy wastewater hurt my plants? Nope. You must switch your clothes washer and dish soaps over to plant-friendly ones (those without salts, boron, or bleach), but there are a variety of good ones to choose from. Regular body soaps are fine. The only no-no is dishwasher effluent, since there are no boron/salt-free soap options. The other stuff in your wastewater is actually beneficial for your plants.

You can’t use the water from your toilet (that is “blackwater”), or store your greywater for more than 24 hours – it will stink! All greywater systems need some basic periodic maintenance. So it isn’t right for everyone (and every site). You need to consider the site, the users, and plant needs.

Greywater isn’t a panacea, but it is a compelling part of a well-rounded water conservation and (re)use strategy, that includes water-efficient appliances, drip irrigation, rainwater catchment, naturescaping, human behavior changes, and more.

Greywater is being designed into new construction in drought-stricken regions across the world. But there are affordable DIY retrofit systems that you can implement at home with a minimal investment of time and resources. One of the simplest is the laundry-to-landscape (L2L) system and uses the pump in your clothes washer to deliver wastewater to your plants. A branched drain system uses just gravity and pipes (no pumps or other moving parts) to water your thirsty fruit trees. There are also more elaborate designs with pumps and filters that cost more and can require more maintenance.

These low-tech systems are not good for lawn or low-growing food plants that could potentially contact the ground (ex. strawberries). But they are perfect for fruit trees, berry bushes, upright veggies (tomatoes, broccoli), and more.

The first step is to assess your home water use, and implement water conservation measures like low-flow faucets and showerheads. (Plus maybe replace that old water-hog of a clothes washer?) Then design your system to match your plant’s water needs with the knowledge of your greywater flow and site constraints. There are lots of tips and tricks to learn about and some of the best greywater resources are listed below.

After you assess your water use and yard, implement water conservation measures, and design your greywater system, you need to get a permit from Oregon DEQ here. For any home-interior plumbing work you may also need a permit from your City building department. Then you are ready to build!

At this stage you may be thinking: “Great! Who can I hire to help me design and build my system?” Unfortunately, right now there are not many seasoned residential greywater system installers in Oregon and even with the recent drought there have been few systems permitted. This is one reason why Depave is helping host informational and how-to workshops: to build a local community of greywater practitioners, proponents, and resources for those interested.

Depave is helping host informational and how-to workshops: to build a local community of greywater practitioners

laura-allen-teaches-portlanders-about-greywater-in-aug-2016-1

Laura Allen teaches Portlanders about greywater in Aug 2016.

We think greywater is perfect for Portlanders with green thumbs. It is good for our pocket books, our plants, and the planet. It can help close the loop on our wasteful residential water use patterns. Folks that implement greywater systems begin to carefully scrutinize their soaps and are less prone to simply dump random stuff down their drain.

portlanders-dig-in-during-the-aug-2016-hands-on-greywater-workshop-1

Portlanders dig in during the Aug 2016 hands-on greywater workshop.

 

 

 

Depave is so excited about the possibilities for greywater in Portland (and the synergism with our work-to-date) that we hosted two workshops in August 2016 introducing greywater residential reuse and the DIY retrofit systems mentioned above. The workshops were taught by Laura Allen, author of The Water-Wise Home and a co-founder of Greywater Action). To host these workshops we partnered with Greywater Action, Recode, Oregon Tradeswomen, and East Multnomah SWCD. The workshops were a great success and we are contemplating more in 2017. Tell us about your interest in follow up greywater workshops here.

 

Resources

Greywater Action’s website is a great place to start learning about greywater and DIY home systems. A co-founder of Greywater Action, Laura Allen, has a great book with more details, tips and tricks if you want to learn more: The Water Wise Home is available from the Multnomah Co Library or Powell’s Books. This is our favorite book on greywater – it is the easiest to understand and use.

Get local (Portland metro region) info on water saving tips, learn about rebates, and find out where your water comes from through the Regional Water Providers Consortium.

Brad Lancaster’s comprehensive water harvesting website has lots of info, links, and photos on greywater systems here.

Art Ludwig, the creator of the original L2L and branched drain designs has a great website on greywater do’s and don’ts here. He also has a book: The New Create an Oasis with Greywater available from Multnomah Co Library and Powell’s Books.

Preparing for the Unexpected; Rainwater Harvesting

August 30, 2016  |  Blog
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Depaver-Danny

Author: Danny Kapsch – new board member and stormwater guru at Portland’s Bureau of Environmental Services

5 Tips for Effective Rainwater Harvesting in Portland

Portland averages around 37” of rain each year, mostly coming in the late fall, winter and spring. Ever consider catching some of that rain and saving it for later use? Rain barrels can be a great way to harvest some of Portland’s bounty for summer irrigation or use during an emergency situation. In fact, because most of Portland’s drizzle comes during the months when we don’t need it for watering veggies and flower pots, capturing rainwater for use in an emergency situation could be the primary reason for installing a rain barrel in the Pacific Northwest.

Tip 1: Go Big or Go Home

RainBarrels

Mother Nature giveth and she taketh. Collect it while Ma’s being generous!

Unfortunately, it’s often difficult to capture enough water to make a dent in irrigation during the dry summer months. It can definitely help in kicking off the growing season, but past that first week or so, you will likely be dragging out the garden hose. If you are considering a rain barrel for irrigation purposes, consider installing more than one 55 gallon barrel. A series of rain barrels or a larger cistern can do the trick–especially given a summer shower or two to recharge the system. In an emergency situation however, even one barrel could make a huge impact by providing a source of water to get you through.

Tip 2: Rock the Overflow

OverflowPipe-Incorrect

The wrong way to plumb overflow

Given that 1,000 square feet of roof will generate over 22,000 gallons of water in a typical rain year (in Portland), the overflow is the most crucial element of a catchment system. In other words, your barrels or cistern is bound to fill, most likely in the first rain event of the year. After that, it’s overflowing until the natural spigot turns off. So as a stand-alone stormwater management tool, it just is not that effective. This is why it is critical to design your system with an adequate overflow. The typical garden hose overflow can be prone to clogging or freezing during the winter, and is usually only 1/2” in diameter at most. Depending on the area of roof that is flowing to a barrel, this could prove to be inadequate in a heavy rain event. The overflow should be sized at least 2” in diameter and directed to flow back into the downspout stand pipe or another safe disposal location, such as a rain garden, where it can soak back into the ground.

Tip 3: Quality Counts

OverflowPipe-Correct

The right way to plumb overflow

There are several common pitfalls to avoid when installing a rain barrel system. Starting out right and taking your time with installation and fittings will pay off in the long run. Since rain barrels are typically installed in-line with an existing downspout, it lives right next to the foundation of your home. Any clogs or leaky connections can cause stormwater to drain into a basement window well or into a crawl space, certainly areas we don’t want water. Setting your rain barrel or cistern on a sound, level surface and strapping it in place will help prevent any unforeseen safety issues, and increase the likelihood that, in the event of an emergency such as an earthquake, you will still have your emergency water supply to tap into.

Tip 4: Be Prepared

If you are considering a rain barrel as a backup water supply, keep the following in mind. Filtering, boiling or other purification will be needed, so have a plan of attack on how to make your rainwater potable. Water in a rain barrel or cistern can get stagnant or grow algae over the summer months, so a periodic flushing will be required. This is the perfect excuse to drain your barrel on your garden. Refilling the barrel with water you would have used on the garden will ensure it is ready to go in case of emergency.

Tip 5: Check and recheck

Rainwater harvesting systems are an active system that needs regular maintenance. Be sure you are checking your system for debris, clogs and leaks throughout the year. Leaf screens and other “first flush” devices can help prevent clogs and debris from causing issues with your rain barrel plumbing, but even these devices need regular checks and maintenance. Schedule inspections of your rainwater catchment systems with other household chores such as garbage night. This will protect your investment and ensure that your catchment system is a great amenity, and not a nuisance.

CoP-RainBarrelGuide

Check out the Rain Barrel Guide here.


The City of Portland has a great Rain Barrel How to Guide that I would encourage you to read. It is a step by step guide that goes into significantly greater depth and delves into the fine nuances of rain barrel installation and maintenance. Rain barrels are just the tip of the iceberg, perhaps a rain garden is also in your future? For more information on stormwater management including the rain barrel guide,
visit the technical assistance page of the Clean River Rewards website.

Happy harvesting!